Joseph K. Sunny, Jr. Medicine | Finance | Construction | Publisher | Mobile

Capital Return
Covered Call Calculator
Diesel Savings Calculator
DRIP Calculator
EPS Calculator
Hybrid Savings Calculator
Introduction to Stocks
Naked Put Calculator
Neff Calculator
Option Profit Calculator
Percent Return
Roth IRA Calculator
Simple Profit
Spread Put
Ad- Ipod Touch - $214


Joseph Sunny > Finance Home > Introduction to Stocks

Stocks represent ownership of companies. Companies from small start ups to established multinational conglomerates can have stock available to the public. Stocks can also be called shares. To define the total value of a company, multiply the number of shares times the price of each share. For example, if a company has 1 billion shares available and each trades for $25, then the total value of the company is $25 billion dollars. Valuation of a company is based on multiple factors. The price of shares is based on the perceived value amongst many buyers and sellers. Each individual allocates cash towards a stock investment and enters orders through their brokers to buy shares in a company. Two basic ways to create an investment return is to sell shares at a higher price or earn dividends. Dividends are usually excess profits dispensed to shareholders. Significant economic trends, company events, earnings, dividends, psychology, and many other factors come together to move the price. One objective factor to value a company is its earnings. A company's total earnings divided by number of shares is the earnings per share. A price to earnings ratio is the price divided by earnings per share. A lower price to earnings ratio is preferred by value investors. Growth investors will be willing to overlook a high price to earnings ratio if the company is showing substantial earnings increases. Dividends can be considered a more objective measure than earnings since earnings can be manipulated by accounting but cash distributions to shareholders can not be manipulated. A company's yield is it's dividend per share divided by price.


Back to Top

Copyright 1997-2006 Joseph K. Sunny, Jr. All rights reserved. For licensing options, please contact me at the e-mail address provided. Webpages on this site are for educational purposes only, please consult a professional in the field of interest, a physician or a stock broker. By using this site, you are agreeing to our Terms and Conditions. Privacy Policy.

About the site and its author: Joseph K. Sunny, Jr., M.D. Most of the pages are created from my reading or clinical experience.

Contact me at if you have any suggestions or questions.
Last 100 visitors on a global map.